PETALING JAYA: The number of jobs in Malaysia’s economic sector fell 0.4 percent to 8.35 million in the second quarter of 2021 (Q2’21), from 8.38 million jobs in the same quarter of 2020, according to the employment survey of enterprises registered in the private sector by the Department of Statistics of Malaysia (DOSM).
Malaysia Datuk Sri Chief Statistician Dr Mohd Uzir Mahidin said that compared to the previous quarter, the total number of jobs fell further by 0.9%, indicating an uneven upturn in demand for labor. work following the impact of the prolonged health crisis and the containment measures imposed since March 2020.
âWith the increase in daily Covid-19 cases during this quarter, strict containment measures have been implemented since mid-May, which limited office hours and only allowed that essential services to function, âhe said in a statement released Thursday.
Filled jobs fell 0.5% year-on-year to 8.17 million jobs in Q2’21 from 8.21 million previously.
The number of vacancies this quarter in the economic sector was 178,000, up 5% from 169,500 due to the low base count recorded in Q2’20. The number of vacancies remained below an average of 200,000 vacancies recorded during the pre-crisis period. The rates of filled and vacant positions during the quarter remained at 97.9% and 2.1%, respectively.
He said all sectors showed a downward trend except for the manufacturing sector which posted an increase of 0.9% or 2.16 million jobs.
More than half of the jobs filled were concentrated in the service sector (52.4%), followed by manufacturing (26.4%) and construction (14.9%). The remaining 6.3% were in the agriculture and mining and quarrying sectors.
From the point of view of the skill category, the jobs filled for the semi-skilled (-0.4%) and low-skilled (-2.0%) professional categories decreased while the skilled jobs (0.1%) have increased slightly compared to Q2’20.
In terms of composition by skill category, more than half was a semi-skilled category with a share of 62.4% (5.1 million) while the qualified category represented 24.7% (2 million) â, a he declared.
The vacancies were mainly in the manufacturing sector, registering 100,100 vacancies (56.2%), mainly in the electrical, electronic and optical products subsector (316,000). Next come petroleum, chemical, rubber and plastic products (188,000).
As for agriculture, there were 292,000 vacant positions (16.4%), mainly in the crops and livestock sub-sector. The service sector recorded 276,000 vacancies (15.5%), especially in the wholesale and retail trade. More than half of the vacancies in T2’21 belonged to the semi-skilled category comprising 55% or the equivalent of 980,000 vacancies, followed by the skilled category at 24% (428,000) and 21% in the low-skilled category (373,000).
âThe number of jobs created increased by 18.3% registering 162,000 jobs compared to the same quarter to 137,000 jobs the previous year. As a reminder, the number of jobs created in Q2’20 was the lowest recorded since the start of the series in 2015.
âBy skill category, jobs were largely created for the semi-specialized category which represented 60.8% or 9,800 while the qualified category represented 30.8% (50,000).
âAs for the breakdown by economic sector, the largest composition of jobs created was in the manufacturing sector, which included 44.6% or 72,000 jobs, followed by the service sector with a share of 33.6% (54,000 jobs). ). The other jobs created were in construction (16.9%), agriculture (4.3%) and mining and quarrying (0.6%), âsaid Mohd Uzir.
âThe overall demand for labor in the economic sector during this quarter remained on a downward trend, as business operations had not yet fully recovered to normal as a result of the current situation of public health crisis. Nonetheless, ongoing economic stimulus plans and government initiatives can ease the burden on businesses and ultimately help maintain employment in the economy.
“In addition, the positive evolution of the vaccination rate, as targeted in the national recovery plan, will allow companies to have a more promising impact and accelerate the recovery of labor demand in Malaysia” , he added.